Pain Types

Arm pain, particularly radiating pain into the shoulder or down the arm, often originates from a problem in your neck (cervical spine). Other causes of arm pain vary from joint injuries, compressed or stretched nerve tissue, or even heart attack (radiating left arm pain). Arm pain may begin slowly and progress over time, or may have a very sudden onset.

Complex regional pain syndrome is an uncommon form of chronic pain that usually affects an arm or leg. Complex regional pain syndrome typically develops after an injury, surgery, stroke or heart attack, but the pain is out of proportion to the severity of the initial injury, if any injury can be identified at all. Typical symptoms include prolonged or excessive pain and mild to dramatic changes in skin color, temperature, and mild to severe swelling of the affected area.

Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain and is often accompanied by fatigue, sleep, memory and mood issues. Many people who have fibromyalgia also have tension headaches, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, irritable bowel syndrome, anxiety, depression and fibro fog.

A herniated disc refers to a problem with one of the rubbery cushions between the individual bones (vertebrae) that stack up to make your spine. A spinal disc is a little like a jelly donut, with a softer center encased within a tougher exterior. Sometimes called a slipped disc or a ruptured disc, a herniated disc occurs when some of the softer “jelly” pushes out through a crack in the tougher exterior.

Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages. Knee pain may be the result of an injury, such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage, or very frequently the result of normal wear and tear that occurs with aging. Medical conditions, including arthritis, gout and infections, can also cause knee pain. Novocur offers options for knee pain that persists after total knee replacement has been performed as well.

Leg pain can be intermittent or constant. It can start gradually or suddenly. The pain can range from mild achiness, to severe and unrelenting shooting pain. There are traumatic causes of pain from injury, but also several different diseases that can cause significant leg pain, numbness or swelling.

Eight of every ten people will seek treatment for back pain during their lifetime. It is the most common reason for visits to the doctor except for the common cold and is the single leading cause of disability across the globe. Most back aches will resolve on their own, but you should seek care for any injury to your back or for pain that has persisted for longer than three days without improvement.

The difference between a migraine and other headaches is primarily the duration, intensity and frequency of the headache.  Migraine symptoms include severe pain, typically on one side of the head, but can be on both sides or switch from side-to-side.  Other symptoms include sensitivity to light, vision impairment, aversion to noise and smells, numbness and tingling, confusion and nausea.

Two out of every three people suffer with neck pain that has lasted more than one day in the past year. Following back pain, it is the most common pain complaint that leads patients to seek care at one of our Novocur clinics. Many neck aches will resolve on their own, but you should seek immediate care for any injury to your neck or for pain that has persisted for longer than three days without improvement.

Osteoarthritis, also called Degenerative Joint Disease, is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people around the world. 14% of those over 25 years of age are afflicted, and 33.6% of those over 65. Often called wear-and-tear arthritis, osteoarthritis affects all aspects of a joint, including the protective hyaline cartilage on the ends of your bones, joint ligaments, and the bones themselves. When these structures wear down over time, pain is often the end result.

Peripheral neuropathy generally refers to tingling, numbness or pain typically from damage to long the nerves that communicate sensory information from your feet/lower legs or from hands/lower arms. Neuropathy can cause damage to motor nerves as well, which may manifest as muscle weakness or wasting. Neuropathic pain can be caused by diabetes, trauma, kidney problems, vitamin deficiencies, infections and even some medications.

An autoimmune disorder, rheumatoid arthritis occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks your own body’s tissues. In addition to causing painful and sometimes deformed joints, rheumatoid arthritis sometimes can affect various organs of the body. Skin, eyes, lungs and blood vessels may be affected.

Sacroiliac Joints (SIJ) are held together by some of the strongest ligaments and muscles in your body, but trauma as well as slight biomechanical forces over time can damage or fatigue these supporting structures and cause significant inflammation and pain in one or both of these joints at the base of the spine. Pain can radiate from the SIJs to the lower back, hip, groin or upper thigh.

Sciatica (pronounced sigh-AT-ih-ka) pain is one of the most prevalent and annoying pain conditions prompting one to seek the care of a pain physician. The sciatic nerves are the largest nerves in the body, about the diameter of your little finger. Branches of several smaller nerves that exit the spine of the lower back join together to form the sciatic nerve.

Scoliosis is a side to side curvature of the spine. It occurs equally between males and females, but females tend to require more interventional treatment. Typically, the curvature begins to develop during the growth spurt just before puberty, which is usually between the ages of 9 and 15. This problem can run in families indicating there is a genetic component to this disease, but most children diagnosed have no family history.

Shingles (herpes zoster) is a viral infection of the dorsal nerve root ganglia. It causes pain, frequently intense, and often a rash on one side of the body. The rash appears in a band or a strip, often starting in the middle of the back and wrapping around to the breast, but it can occur on any part of the body, such as the forehead and abdomen.

Shoulder pain includes any pain that arises in or around your shoulder. Shoulder pain may originate in the joint itself, or from any of the many surrounding muscles, ligaments, bursa or tendons. Shoulder pain usually worsens with activities or movement of your arm or shoulder.

Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the nerve canal spaces within your spine, which can put pressure on your spinal cord and/or the nerve roots that branch off the spinal cord. Spinal stenosis occurs most often in the neck and lower back.

Tension headaches are the most common type of headache that afflicts 80% of U.S. population and is sometimes called a “stress” headache. Generally, sufferers experience a tension headache once or twice a month, but 3% of the population experience daily tension headaches. For those who have suffered with tension headaches for at least 15 days per month for 3 months, then the term Chronic Tension Headache is applicable. Chronic Tension Headache is more common in females, but there does not appear to be a genetic link.

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