A facet injection is a minimally invasive procedure that can temporarily relieve neck or back pain caused by inflamed facet joints.* The cause of facet joint pain (arthritis, injury, degeneration) is not well understood and can be similar in nature to disc pain. The procedure has two purposes: First, it can be used as a diagnostic test to see if the pain is actually coming from the facet joints.* Second, it can be used as a treatment to relieve inflammation and pain caused by various spine conditions.* The effects of facet injections tend to be temporary, providing relief for several days up to years.* The goal is to reduce pain so that the patient may resume normal activity and a physical therapy/exercise program.*
A facet injection includes both a long-lasting corticosteroid and a local anesthetic. The drugs are delivered to the painful facet joint, either inside the joint capsule (intraarticular) or in the tissue surrounding the joint capsule (periarticular).
*Individual results may vary.